Release Notes for Debian 9 (stretch), 32-bit MIPS (big endian)

The Debian Documentation Project

This document is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.

The license text can also be found at and /usr/share/common-licenses/GPL-2 on Debian.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
1.1. Reporting bugs on this document
1.2. Contributing upgrade reports
1.3. Sources for this document
2. What's new in Debian 9
2.1. Supported architectures
2.2. What's new in the distribution?
2.2.1. CDs, DVDs, and BDs
2.2.2. Security
2.2.3. GCC versions
2.2.4. MariaDB replaces MySQL
2.2.5. Improvements to APT and archive layouts
2.2.6. New mirror
2.2.7. Move to "Modern" GnuPG
2.2.8. A new archive for debug symbols
2.2.9. New method for naming network interfaces
2.2.10. News from Debian Med Blend
2.2.11. The Xorg server no longer requires root
3. Installation System
3.1. What's new in the installation system?
3.1.1. Major changes
3.1.2. Automated installation
4. Upgrades from Debian 8 (jessie)
4.1. Preparing for the upgrade
4.1.1. Back up any data or configuration information
4.1.2. Inform users in advance
4.1.3. Prepare for downtime on services
4.1.4. Prepare for recovery
4.1.5. Prepare a safe environment for the upgrade
4.2. Checking system status
4.2.1. Review actions pending in package manager
4.2.2. Disabling APT pinning
4.2.3. Checking packages status
4.2.4. The proposed-updates section
4.2.5. Unofficial sources
4.3. Preparing sources for APT
4.3.1. Adding APT Internet sources
4.3.2. Adding APT sources for a local mirror
4.3.3. Adding APT sources from optical media
4.4. Upgrading packages
4.4.1. Recording the session
4.4.2. Updating the package list
4.4.3. Make sure you have sufficient space for the upgrade
4.4.4. Minimal system upgrade
4.4.5. Upgrading the system
4.5. Possible issues during upgrade
4.5.1. Dist-upgrade fails with Could not perform immediate configuration
4.5.2. Expected removals
4.5.3. Conflicts or Pre-Depends loops
4.5.4. File conflicts
4.5.5. Configuration changes
4.5.6. Change of session to console
4.6. Upgrading your kernel and related packages
4.6.1. Installing a kernel metapackage
4.7. Preparing for the next release
4.7.1. Purging removed packages
4.8. Obsolete packages
4.8.1. Dummy packages
5. Issues to be aware of for stretch
5.1. Upgrade specific items for stretch
5.1.1. Late mounting of /usr is no longer supported
5.1.2. FTP access to Debian hosted mirrors will be removed
5.1.3. Noteworthy obsolete packages
5.1.4. Things to do post upgrade before rebooting
5.1.5. Executables are now compiled as position independent executables (PIE) by default
5.1.6. Most LSB compatibility packages have been removed
5.1.7. 32-bit MIPS now requires an R2 processor
5.2. Limitations in security support
5.2.1. Security status of web browsers
5.2.2. Lack of security support for the ecosystem around libv8 and Node.js
5.3. Package specific issues
5.3.1. Older ciphers and SSH1 protocol disabled in OpenSSH by default
5.3.2. Possible backwards incompatible changes to APT
5.3.3. Desktops will migrate to libinput Xorg driver
5.3.4. Upstart removed
5.3.5. The debhelper tool now generates dbgsym packages by default
5.3.6. OpenSSL related changes
5.3.7. Perl changes that may break third-party software
5.3.8. PostgreSQL PL/Perl incompatibility
5.3.9. net-tools will be deprecated in favor of iproute2
5.3.10. The _netdev mount option is recommended when using AoE (ATA over ethernet) devices
5.3.11. Harmless Unescaped ... in regex is deprecated, ... warnings during upgrade
5.3.12. SELinux policy store migration
5.3.13. iSCSI Enterprise Target no longer supported
6. More information on Debian
6.1. Further reading
6.2. Getting help
6.2.1. Mailing lists
6.2.2. Internet Relay Chat
6.3. Reporting bugs
6.4. Contributing to Debian
A. Managing your jessie system before the upgrade
A.1. Upgrading your jessie system
A.2. Checking your sources list
A.3. Removing obsolete configuration files
A.4. Upgrade legacy locales to UTF-8
B. Contributors to the Release Notes